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Depression Research and TreatmentVolume 2011 2011, Article ID 356428, 5 pages

Research Article

Developmental Unit, Beck Institute, Via Gioberti 54, 00185 Rome, Italy

Department of Clinical and Dynamic Psychology, Sapienza University, via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Rome, Italy

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Città di Roma Hospital, via Maidalchini 20, 00152 Rome, Italy

Sandro Pertini Hospital, Asl RM B, via dei Monti Tiburtini 385, 00157 Rome, Italy

Received 27 April 2011; Accepted 27 June 2011

Academic Editor: Andrea Fossati

Copyright © 2011 Elda Andriola et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Several studies assessed the relationship between depression and dimensions of temperament-character using the Cloninger-s model of personality and the TCI-R. The aim of this study is clarify the relation between depression and personality in men and women who are expecting a baby. The Temperament and Character Inventory—Revised Form and the Beck Depression Inventory were administered to 65 pregnant women and 37 husbands during the last quarter of pregnancy. ANOVAs showed that pregnant women had higher levels of depression, reward dependence, and self-transcendence than the expectant fathers. Hierarchical Multiple Regression Analysis in the pregnant women group showed that harm avoidance and self-directedness were significant predictors of the level of depression. In the expectant fathers, only self-directedness was a significant predictor of depression. Low TCI-R self-directedness is a strong predictor of depression in expectant parents during pregnancy regardless of gender, and high TCI-R harm avoidance is an additional predictor of depression in expectant mothers.

Autor: Elda Andriola, Michela Di Trani, Annarita Grimaldi, and Renato Donfrancesco



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