Phenomenological Fingerprints of Four Meditations: Differential State Changes in Affect, Mind-Wandering, Meta-Cognition, and Interoception Before and After Daily Practice Across 9 Months of TrainingReportar como inadecuado




Phenomenological Fingerprints of Four Meditations: Differential State Changes in Affect, Mind-Wandering, Meta-Cognition, and Interoception Before and After Daily Practice Across 9 Months of Training - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Mindfulness

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 218–231

First Online: 19 August 2016DOI: 10.1007-s12671-016-0594-9

Cite this article as: Kok, B.E. & Singer, T. Mindfulness 2017 8: 218. doi:10.1007-s12671-016-0594-9

Abstract

Despite increasing interest in the effects of mental training practices such as meditation, there is much ambiguity regarding whether and to what extent the various types of mental practice have differential effects on psychological change. To address this gap, we compare the effects of four common meditation practices on measures of state change in affect, mind-wandering, meta-cognition, and interoception. In the context of a 9-month mental training program called the ReSource Project, 229 mid-life adults mean age 41 provided daily reports before and after meditation practice. Participants received training in the following three successive modules: the first module presence included breathing meditation and body scan, the second affect included loving-kindness meditation, and the third perspective included observing-thought meditation. Using multilevel modeling, we found that body scan led to the greatest state increase in interoceptive awareness and the greatest decrease in thought content, loving-kindness meditation led to the greatest increase in feelings of warmth and positive thoughts about others, and observing-thought meditation led to the greatest increase in meta-cognitive awareness. All practices, including breathing meditation, increased positivity of affect, energy, and present focus and decreased thought distraction. Complementary network analysis of intervariate relationships revealed distinct phenomenological clusters of psychological change congruent with the content of each practice. These findings together suggest that although different meditation practices may have common beneficial effects, each practice can also be characterized by a distinct short-term psychological fingerprint, the latter having important implications for the use of meditative practices in different intervention contexts and with different populations.

KeywordsMeditation Meta-cognitive awareness Decentering Interoception Affect Multilevel modeling Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1007-s12671-016-0594-9 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

An erratum to this article is available at http:-dx.doi.org-10.1007-s12671-016-0633-6.

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Autor: Bethany E. Kok - Tania Singer

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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