Assessing the prevalence of urogenital schistosomaisis and transmission risk factors amongst school-aged children around Mapé dam ecological suburbs in Malantouen district, CameroonReportar como inadecuado




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Infectious Diseases of Poverty

, 6:40

Schistosomiasis Research: Providing the Tools Needed for Elimination

Abstract

BackgroundUrogenital schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection of public health importance that affects over 112 million people worldwide. The study aimed at assessing the urogenital schistosomiasis prevalence and risk factors of transmission around Mape dam suburds in Malantouen district, West, Cameroon.

MethodsThe study was conducted using semi-structured pretested questionnaires to collect socio-demographic and ecological data. Urine samples were also collected and used to confirm the prevalence of schistosomiasis in consented school-aged children in four primary schools between March – July 2014. Snails’ samples around the dam surburbs were also collected for taxonomy characterization and species identification. Data were compiled and quality control assessed and analysed using SPSS version 17 and Epiinfo data 3.1. P < 0.05 was considered statistical significance.

ResultsQuestionnaires were administered to 229 pupils, with gender ratio of 1.04 m-f. The prevalence of schistosomiasis haematobium was 16.6%. Mambonko school site, which is the closest to the dam suburbs, registered the greatest prevalence rate of 40%. The age group beween 10–13 years was the most infected 18.3% and boys were more infested than girls 21.0% vs. 15.5%. Haematuria, urination pain, school absentiesm and poor performance were the major recorded complications in 39.5 and 26.3% males to female respectively. Infection rate gender disparity documented is still poorly understood and Bulinus truncatus collected from Mambonko suburb as potential snail intermediate host requires further studies.

ConclusionsAuthors advocated that schools and dam suburds sustained and innovative community-based surveillance and response targeted interventions implementation are needed to inform and support decision-making policy, but also in improving effective contextual behavioural communication changes and MDA improved uptake measures on national schistosomiasis control and elimination in Cameroon.

KeywordsUrogenital schistosomiasis Pupils Schistosoma haematobium Prevalence Risk factors Mapé dam AbbreviationsIMPMMedical and Plants Research Institute

KgWeight

MPAMass Praziquantel Administration

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s40249-017-0257-7 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Adeline P. Mewabo - Roger S. Moyou - Lysette E. Kouemeni - Jeanne Y. Ngogang - Lazare Kaptue - Ernest Tambo

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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