Mechanical deformation of monocytic THP-1 cells : occurrence of two seqential phases with differential sensitivity to metabolic inhibitorsReportar como inadecuado




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* Corresponding author 1 LAI - Adhésion et Inflammation

Abstract : Blood leukocytes can exhibit extensive morphological changes during their passage through small capillary vessels. The human monocytic THP-1 cell line was used to explore the metabolic dependence of these shape changes. Cells were aspirated into micropipettes for determination of the rate of protrusion formation. They were then released and the kinetics of morphological recovery was studied. Results were consistent with Evans- model Blood, 64 : 1028, 1984 of a viscous liquid droplet surrounded by a tensile membrane. The estimated values of cytoplasmic viscosity and membrane tension were 162 Pa.s and 0.0142 millinewton-m respectively. The influence of metabolic inhibitors on cell mechanical behaviour was then studied : results strongly suggested that deformation involved two sequential phases. The cell elongation rate measured during the first 30 seconds following the onset of aspiration was unaffected by azide, an inhibitor of energy production, and it was about doubled by cytochalasin D, a microfilament inhibitor, and colchicine, a microtubule inhibitor. However, during the following two minutes, deformation was almost abolished in cells treated with azide and cytochalasin D, whereas the protrusion of control cells exhibited about threefold length increase. It is concluded that, although cells seemed to deform as passive objects, active metabolic processes were required to allow extensive morphological changes triggered by external forces.

Keywords : Cell mechanics micropipette THP-1 metabolic inhibitors





Autor: Pierre Bongrand - Anne-Marie Benoliel - Fabienne Richelme -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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