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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 1927–1941

First Online: 09 March 2017DOI: 10.1007-s10803-017-3080-x

Cite this article as: Brewer, N., Young, R.L. & Barnett, E. J Autism Dev Disord 2017 47: 1927. doi:10.1007-s10803-017-3080-x


Deficits in Theory of Mind ToM—the ability to interpret others’ beliefs, intentions and emotions—undermine the ability of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder ASD to interact in socially normative ways. This study provides psychometric data for the Adult-Theory of Mind A-ToM measure using video-scenarios based in part on Happé’s Instructions for theory of mind story task, 1999 Strange Stories test. The final items discriminated IQ-matched adults with ASD from controls on the social but not the physical items. Additional validity data included a two-component principal components solution, correlations with existing ToM scales, and the absence of correlations with self-report measures of empathy and social anxiety not requiring inferences about the intent of others. The expected group differences in ToM were accompanied by marked variability in the ASD sample.

KeywordsAutism Spectrum Disorder Theory of Mind assessment Adults Neil Brewer and Robyn L Young have contributed equally.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1007-s10803-017-3080-x contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

An erratum to this article is available at

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Autor: Neil Brewer - Robyn L. Young - Emily Barnett


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