Do improvements in outreach, clinical, and family and community-based services predict improvements in child survival An analysis of serial cross-sectional national surveysReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Public Health

, 11:456

Health policies, systems and management in high-income countries

Abstract

BackgroundThere are three main service delivery channels: clinical services, outreach, and family and community. To determine which delivery channels are associated with the greatest reductions in under-5 mortality rates U5MR, we used data from sequential population-based surveys to examine the correlation between changes in coverage of clinical, outreach, and family and community services and in U5MR for 27 high-burden countries.

MethodsHousehold survey data were abstracted from serial surveys in 27 countries. Average annual changes AAC between the most recent and penultimate survey were calculated for under-five mortality rates and for 22 variables in the domains of clinical, outreach, and family- and community-based services. For all 27 countries and a subset of 19 African countries, we conducted principal component analysis to reduce the variables into a few components in each domain and applied linear regression to assess the correlation between changes in the principal components and changes in under-five mortality rates after controlling for multiple potential confounding factors.

ResultsAAC in under 5-mortality varied from 6.6% in Nepal to -0.9% in Kenya, with six of the 19 African countries all experiencing less than a 1% decline in mortality. The strongest correlation with reductions in U5MR was observed for access to clinical services all countries: p = 0.02, r = 0.58; 19 African countries p < 0.001, r = 0.67. For outreach activities, AAC U5MR was significantly correlated with antenatal care and family planning services, while AAC in immunization services showed no association. In the family- and community services domain, improvements in breastfeeding were associated with significant changes in mortality in the 30 countries but not in the African subset; while in the African countries, nutritional status improvements were associated with a significant decline in mortality.

ConclusionsOur findings support the importance of increasing access to clinical services, certain outreach services and breastfeeding and, in Africa, of improving nutritional status. Integrated programs that emphasize these services may lead to substantial mortality declines.

AbbreviationsAACAverage annual change

DHSDemographic and Health Surveys

GDPGross domestic product

iCCMIntegrated community case management

MDGMillennium Development Goals

PCAPrincipal component analysis

UNICEFUnited Nations Children-s Fund

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Autor: Nancy Binkin - Mickey Chopra - Aline Simen-Kapeu - Dirk Westhof

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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