Experiences of outreach workers in promoting smoking cessation to Bangladeshi and Pakistani men: longitudinal qualitative evaluationReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Public Health

, 11:452

Health behavior, health promotion and society

Abstract

BackgroundDespite having high smoking rates, there have been few tailored cessation programmes for male Bangladeshi and Pakistani smokers in the UK. We report on a qualitative evaluation of a community-based, outreach worker delivered, intervention that aimed to increase uptake of NHS smoking cessation services and tailor services to meet the needs of Bangladeshi and Pakistani men.

MethodsThis was a longitudinal, qualitative study, nested within a phase II cluster randomised controlled trial of a complex intervention. We explored the perspectives and experiences of five outreach workers, two stop smoking service managers and a specialist stop smoking advisor. Data were collected through focus group discussions, weekly diaries, observations of management meetings, shadowing of outreach workers, and one-to-one interviews with outreach workers and their managers. Analysis was undertaken using a modified Framework approach.

ResultsOutreach workers promoted cessation services by word of mouth on the streets, in health service premises, in local businesses and at a wide range of community events. They emphasised the reasons for cessation, especially health effects, financial implications, and the impact of smoking on the family. Many smokers agreed to be referred to cessation services, but few attended, this in part being explained by concerns about the relative inflexibility of existing service provision. Although outreach workers successfully expanded service reach, they faced the challenges of perceived lack of awareness of the health risks associated with smoking in older smokers and apathy in younger smokers. These were compounded by perceptions of -lip service- being given to their role by community organisations and tensions both amongst the outreach workers and with the wider management team.

ConclusionsOutreach workers expanded reach of the service through taking it to diverse locations of relevance to Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities. The optimum method of outreach to retain and treat Bangladeshi and Pakistani smokers effectively in cessation programmes needs further development.

AbbreviationsBENBirmingham East and North Primary Care Trust

HoBtHeart of Birmingham Teaching Primary Care Trust

NRTNicotine Replacement Therapy

PCTsPrimary Care Trusts

SSAStop Smoking Advisor.

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Autor: Rachna A Begh - Paul Aveyard - Penney Upton - Raj S Bhopal - Martin White - Amanda Amos - Robin J Prescott - Raman Bedi

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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