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BMC Public Health

, 11:371

First Online: 23 May 2011Received: 18 August 2010Accepted: 23 May 2011DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-11-371

Cite this article as: Hansson, J., Galanti, M.R., Magnusson, C. et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11: 371. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-11-371

Abstract

BackgroundSnus is a moist smokeless tobacco product which has recently reached beyond its original market of Scandinavia. Snus is now being increasingly used in both the United States and South Africa. The effect of snus use on weight is unknown. This study has therefore investigated the relationship between the use of snus, weight gain ≥5% and the incidence of obesity body mass index ≥30 kg-m.

MethodsThe study participants n = 9,954 males living in Stockholm County, Sweden were recruited in 2002 and reassessed in 2007. Tobacco use was categorized according to information obtained in both the baseline and follow-up surveys. Outcomes were assessed by comparing self-reported weight and body mass index between the baseline and follow-up surveys.

ResultsStable current snus use according to both surveys, compared to never having used any kind of tobacco, seemed to be associated with both weight gain odds ratio = 1.31, 95% confidence interval: 1.04-1.65 and incident obesity odds ratio = 1.93, 95% confidence interval: 1.13-3.30 after adjustment for age, baseline weight, alcohol consumption, physical activity, education, consumption of fruit and berries, and the frequency of having breakfast. No associations with incident obesity or weight gain were seen for stable former users of snus according to both surveys or among men who quit or began using snus during follow-up.

ConclusionsThese data suggest that the use of snus is moderately associated with weight gain and incident obesity among men.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-11-371 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Jenny Hansson - Maria Rosaria Galanti - Cecilia Magnusson - Maria-Pia Hergens

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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