Prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors among adults in Kinondoni municipal district, Dar es Salaam TanzaniaReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Public Health

, 11:365

First Online: 23 May 2011Received: 14 January 2010Accepted: 23 May 2011DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-11-365

Cite this article as: Shayo, G.A. & Mugusi, F.M. BMC Public Health 2011 11: 365. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-11-365

Abstract

BackgroundObesity is on the rise worldwide, not sparing developing countries. Both demographic and socio-economic factors play parts in obesity causation. Few surveys have been conducted in Tanzania to determine the magnitude of obesity and its association with these risk factors. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of obesity and its associated risk factors among adults aged 18 - 65 years in Kinondoni municipality, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania from April 2007 to April 2008.

MethodsRandom sampling of households was performed. Interviews and anthropometric measurement were carried out to eligible and consenting members of the selected households. Obesity was defined using Body Mass Index BMI.

ResultsOut of 1249 subjects recruited, 814 65.2% were females. The overall prevalence of obesity was 19.2% 240-1249. However, obesity was significantly more prevalent in women 24.7% than men 9%, p < 0.001, among respondents with high socio-economic status 29.2% as compared to those with medium 14.3% and low socio-economic status 11.3%, p value for trend < 0.001, and among respondents with light intensity activities 26.0%, p value for trend < 0.001.

ConclusionThis study revealed a higher prevalence of obesity among Kinondoni residents than previously reported in other parts of the country. Independent predictors of obesity in the population studied were increasing age, marriage and cohabitation, high SES, female sex and less vigorous physical activities.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-11-365 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Grace A Shayo - Ferdinand M Mugusi

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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