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BMC Research Notes

, 5:259

First Online: 28 May 2012Received: 29 November 2011Accepted: 28 May 2012DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-5-259

Cite this article as: Meglécz, E., Pech, N., Gilles, A. et al. BMC Res Notes 2012 5: 259. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-5-259


BackgroundNext generation sequencing NGS provides a valuable method to quickly obtain sequence information from non-model organisms at a genomic scale. In principle, if sequencing is not targeted for a genomic region or sequence type e.g. coding region, microsatellites NGS reads can be used as a genome snapshot and provide information on the different types of sequences in the genome. However, no study has ascertained if a typical 454 dataset of low coverage 1-4-1-8 of a PicoTiter plate leading to generally less than 0.1x of coverage represents all parts of genomes equally.

FindingsPartial genome shotgun sequencing of total DNA without enrichment on a 454 NGS platform was used to obtain reads of Apis mellifera 454 reads hereafter. These 454 reads were compared to the assembled chromosomes of this species in three different aspects: i dimer and trimer compositions, ii the distribution of mapped 454 sequences along the chromosomes and iii the numbers of different classes of microsatellites. Highly significant chi-square tests for all three types of analyses indicated that the 454 data is not a perfect random sample of the genome. Only the number of 454 reads mapped to each of the 16 chromosomes and the number of microsatellites pooled by motif repeat unit length was not significantly different from the expected values. However, a very strong correlation correlation coefficients greater than 0.97 was observed between most of the 454 variables the number of different dimers and trimers, the number of 454 reads mapped to each chromosome fragments of one Mb, the number of 454 reads mapped to each chromosome, the number of microsatellites of each class and their corresponding genomic variables.

ConclusionsThe results of chi square tests suggest that 454 shotgun reads cannot be regarded as a perfect representation of the genome especially if the comparison is done on a finer scale e.g. chromosome fragments instead of whole chromosomes. However, the high correlation between 454 and genome variables tested indicate that a high proportion of the variability of 454 variables is explained by their genomic counterparts. Therefore, we conclude that using 454 data to obtain information on the genome is biologically meaningful.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-0500-5-259 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Emese Meglécz - Nicolas Pech - André Gilles - Jean-François Martin - Michael G Gardner

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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