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BMC Public Health

, 14:1199

Health behavior, health promotion and society

Abstract

BackgroundStudies carried out on specific travelers’ groups such as students describe an increase in the consumption of alcohol and drugs during travel and vacation time. The present study investigates the risk behaviors alcohol and drugs in a general adult population in Switzerland travelling abroad who visited a travel clinic before departure.

MethodsThis retrospective study was conducted in a travel clinic between January 2006 and December 2008. 14,496 patients came to the clinic for a pre-travel consultation. 3,537 of them answered a questionnaire about their life habits in Switzerland and during their last trip. The only exclusion criterion was an age inferior to 18 years old.

The consumption habits of drugs and at-risk alcohol intake 8 standard drinks SD per week for women and 15 SD for men was analyzed according to gender, sex, destination and profession. Predictors of adopting a risky behavior between habits in Switzerland and during their previous trip were also analyzed.

Results7% 229-3477 of participants declared having at-risk alcohol consumption in Switzerland and 14% 473-3275 95% CI 13–16 during their trip. 9% 332-3527 of the participants used drugs in Switzerland and 5% 178-3481 during their trip. Risk factors for at-risk alcohol consumption during a trip were: at-risk alcohol consumption in Switzerland OR 3195% CI 21–45, smoking 1.7 95% CI 1–2, use of drugs in Switzerland OR 2.2 95% CI 2–3, leisure travel OR 1.6 95% CI 1–2 and managerial professions OR 1.8 95% CI 1–3. Risk factors for the use of drugs during a trip were: alcohol consumption in Switzerland OR 2.1 95% CI 1–4, smoking OR 1.9 95% CI 1–3, and use of drugs in Switzerland OR 29.7 95% CI 19–45.

ConclusionsAt-risk alcohol consumption and, to a lesser extent, use of drugs, affect a large number of travelers which expose them to health problems during a trip. Exploring the alcohol and drugs consumption patterns of people visiting a travel clinic should be part of the pre-travel routine consultation and would allow to identifying people who would benefit most from a specific prevention.

KeywordsTravel Alcohol Drugs Recreational drugs Risk Behavior Trip Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-14-1199 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Céline Klunge-de Luze - Serge de Vallière - Blaise Genton - Nicolas Senn

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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