The synergy between TB and HIV co-infection on perceived stigma in EthiopiaReportar como inadecuado

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BMC Research Notes

, 3:249

First Online: 04 October 2010Received: 18 January 2010Accepted: 04 October 2010DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-3-249

Cite this article as: Deribew, A., HaileMichael, Y., Tesfaye, M. et al. BMC Res Notes 2010 3: 249. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-3-249


BackgroundThe synergy between tuberculosis TB and human immunodeficiency virus HIV co-infection on perceived stigma is not well studied. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of TB-HIV co-infection on perceived stigma in selected hospitals of Oromiya region, Ethiopia. A cross sectional study was conducted from February to April, 2009 in Adama, Nekemet and Jimma Specialized hospitals. Data were collected by trained HIV counselors. A structured questionnaire which consisted of socio-demographic variables, clinical information, perceived stigma, and depression was used to collect the data

FindingsA total of 591 participants were included in the study of whom 124 20.9% were co-infected with TB-HIV. The stigma items were highly reliable Cronbach-s alpha = 0.93 and had strong inter dimension correlation. Respondents who were co-infected with TB and HIV were more likely to have perceived stigma compared to non-co-infected HIV patients, OR = 1.4, 95% CI: 1.2, 2.0. Non-literate individuals OR = 1.9, 95% CI: 1.2, 3.0 and females OR = 1.6, 95% CI: 1.2, 2.3 had also more perceived stigma.

ConclusionsTB-HIV co-infected patients, non-literate individuals and females were more likely to have high perceived stigma. Behavioral Change Communication should focus on these segments of the population to rectify the high perceived stigma.

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Autor: Amare Deribew - Yohannes HaileMichael - Markos Tesfaye - Dejene Desalegn - Ajeme Wogi - Shallo Daba


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