Racial variations in booking haemoglobin of primigravidae in Malaysia: a prospective studyReport as inadecuate

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BMC Research Notes

, 6:173

First Online: 01 May 2013Received: 05 April 2012Accepted: 23 October 2012DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-6-173

Cite this article as: Tan, A.C.C., Leong, E.W.K., Chua, A.C. et al. BMC Res Notes 2013 6: 173. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-6-173


BackgroundVariations in racial haemoglobin had been previously described in multiple studies locally and abroad. This study was conducted to quantify the differences in haemoglobin of booking primigravidae amongst the three major races in Malaysia at the antenatal clinic of University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur.

FindingsOne year prospective study of booking full blood count sample of primigravidae taken in one centre was conducted. Multiple comparative analyses of the booking haemoglobin were performed using the One-way ANOVA comparative mean test in each trimester. 622 primigravidae without any known history of haematological disorders were recruited into the study. The mean haemoglobin for the Indian race was the lowest compared to the two other races in the second and the third trimesters, and it was found to be statistically significant lower p- value 0.001 than the Malay race in the second trimester. It was also found that the Indian race had a significantly higher incidence of moderate to severe anaemia p- value: 0.029. The prevalence of anaemia in our study population is also significantly higher in the Indian population p- value: 0.01.

ConclusionsThe findings from this study have established that there is racial preponderance to anaemia in pregnancy. The Indian race is at a higher risk of having anaemia in pregnancy particularly in the second trimester.

KeywordsHaemoglobin Primigravida Pregnancy Race Anaemia AbbreviationsCIConfidence Interval

FBCfull blood count


UMMCUniversity Malaya Medical Centre.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-0500-6-173 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Albert Chao Chiet Tan - Eugene Weng Kong Leong - Ai Chen Chua - Foong Ming Moy

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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