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BMC Public Health

, 10:268

First Online: 23 May 2010Received: 04 November 2009Accepted: 23 May 2010DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-10-268

Cite this article as: Saddki, N., Suhaimi, A.A. & Daud, R. BMC Public Health 2010 10: 268. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-10-268


BackgroundThe facial region has been the most common site of injury following violent episodes. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial injuries associated with intimate partner violence IPV in women treated at a single facility in Malaysia.

MethodsA retrospective review of 242 hospital records of female IPV victims who were seen at the One-Stop Crisis Centre OSCC in Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II, Kelantan over a two-year period January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2006 was performed. A structured form was used for data collection. Information regarding the anatomical sites of injuries, types of injuries, and mechanisms of assault were obtained.

ResultsMost victims were married 85.1%, were injured by the husband 83.5%, and had at least one previous IPV episode 85.5%. Injury to the maxillofacial region was the most common 50.4%, followed by injury to the limbs 47.9%. In 122 cases of maxillofacial injuries, the middle of the face was most frequently affected 60.6%, either alone or in combination with the upper or lower third of the face. Injury to soft tissues contusions, abrasions and lacerations was the most common 87.7%.

ConclusionsThis study indicates there is a high prevalence of maxillofacial injuries associated with IPV among women treated at the OSCC in Kelantan, Malaysia.

Norkhafizah Saddki, Adlin A Suhaimi and Razak Daud contributed equally to this work.

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Autor: Norkhafizah Saddki - Adlin A Suhaimi - Razak Daud


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