Impact of indoor air pollution from the use of solid fuels on the incidence of life threatening respiratory illnesses in children in IndiaReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 15:300

Environmental health

Abstract

BackgroundIndia contributes 24% of the global annual child deaths due to acute respiratory infections ARIs. According to WHO, nearly 50% of the deaths among children due to ARIs is because of indoor air pollution IAP. There is insufficient evidence on the relationship between IAP from the use of solid fuels and incidence of life threatening respiratory illnesses LTRI in children in India.

MethodsPanel data of children born during 2001–02, from the Young Lives Study YLS conducted in India during 2002 and 2006–07 was used to estimate the impact of household use of solid fuels for cooking on LTRI in children. Multivariable two-stage random effects logistic regression model was used to estimate the odds of suffering from LTRI among children from households using solid fuels relative to children from households using other fuels Gas-Electricity-Kerosene.

ResultsBivariate results indicate that the probability of an episode of LTRI was considerably higher among children from households using solid fuels for cooking 18% than among children from households using other fuels 10%. Moreover, children from households using solid fuels in both the rounds of YLS were more likely to suffer from one or more than one episode of LTRI compared to children from households using solid fuels in only one round. Two-stage random effects logistic regression result shows that children from households using solid fuels were 1.78 95% CI: 1.05-2.99 times as likely to suffer from LTRI as those from households using other fuels.

ConclusionThe findings of this paper provide conclusive evidence on the harmful effects of the use of solid fuels for cooking on LTRI in India. The Government of India must make people aware about the health risks associated with the use of solid fuels for cooking and strive to promote the use of cleaner fuels.

KeywordsIndoor air pollution Life threatening respiratory illnesses Young Lives Study Panel data Two-stage random effects regression India  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Ashish Kumar Upadhyay - Abhishek Singh - Kaushalendra Kumar - Ashish Singh

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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