Do clinical decision-support reminders for medical providers improve isoniazid preventative therapy prescription rates among HIV-positive adults: study protocol for a randomized controlled trialReportar como inadecuado




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Trials

, 16:141

First Online: 09 April 2015Received: 01 May 2014Accepted: 08 January 2015DOI: 10.1186-s13063-015-0558-8

Cite this article as: Green, E.P., Catalani, C., Diero, L. et al. Trials 2015 16: 141. doi:10.1186-s13063-015-0558-8

Abstract

BackgroundThis document describes a research protocol for a study designed to estimate the impact of implementing a reminder system for medical providers on the use of isoniazid preventative therapy IPT for adults living with HIV in western Kenya. People living with HIV have a 5% to 10% annual risk of developing active tuberculosis TB once infected with TB bacilli, compared to a 5% lifetime risk in HIV-negative people with latent TB infection. Moreover, people living with HIV have a 20-fold higher risk of dying from TB. A growing body of literature suggests that IPT reduces overall TB incidence and is therefore of considerable benefit to patients and the larger community. However, in 2009, of the estimated 33 million people living with HIV, only 1.7 million 5% were screened for TB, and about 85,000 0.2% were offered IPT.

Methods-DesignThis study will examine the use of clinical decision-support reminders to improve rates of initiation of preventative treatment in a TB-HIV co-morbid population living in a TB endemic area. This will be a pragmatic, parallel-group, cluster-randomized superiority trial with a 1:1 allocation to treatment ratio. For the trial, 20 public medical facilities that use clinical summary sheets generated from an electronic medical records system will participate as clusters. All HIV-positive adult patients who complete an initial encounter at a study cluster and at least one return encounter during the study period will be included in the study cohort. The primary endpoint will be IPT prescription at 3 months post the initial encounter. We will conduct both individual-level and cluster-level analyses. Due to the nature of the intervention, the trial will not be blinded. This study will contribute to the growing evidence base for the use of electronic health interventions in low-resource settings to promote high-quality clinical care, health system optimization and positive patient outcomes.

Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01934309, registered 29 August 2013.

KeywordsTuberculosis HIV Isoniazid Kenya eHealth Electronic medical record Clinical decision support AbbreviationsAIDSacquired immune deficiency syndrome

AMPATHAcademic Model Providing Access to Healthcare

AMRS AMPATHMedical Record System

CDSSclinical decision-support system

CHVcommunity health volunteer

CXR, chest radiograph; eHealthelectronic health

EMRelectronic medical record

HIVhuman immunodeficiency virus

INHisoniazid

IPTisoniazid preventative therapy

OpenMRSOpen Medical Records System

TBtuberculosis

USAIDUnited States Agency for International Development

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Autor: Eric P Green - Caricia Catalani - Lameck Diero - E Jane Carter - Adrian Gardner - Charity Ndwiga - Aggrey Keny - Philip 

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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