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Resumen

This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the gender differences in the Chilean labormarket. We formally deal with the selection of the individuals into schooling levels and itsconsequences on the gender gaps. Our approach allows for the presence of not onlyheterogeneity in observable variables but also unobserved heterogeneity. We link thisunobserved heterogeneity to unobserved scholastic ability. In the analysis, we utilize a newand rich data set for Chile. This data set contains information on labor market outcomesincluding labor history, on schooling attainment and schooling performance, and on acomplete set of variables characterizing the family background of the individuals in the sampleOur results show that there exist statistically significant gender differences in severaldimensions of the Chilean labor market. Nevertheless, we show that these gaps criticallydepend on the schooling level of the individuals considered in the analysis. For example, theresults indicate that there are no gender differences in labor market variables among collegegraduates except in the case of hourly wages.We interpret our results with prudence. Specifically, instead of interpreting our findings asdecisive evidence of the existence of discrimination in the Chilean labor market, we argue thatfuture research based on better information might indeed explain some of the unexplainedlabor market gaps presented in this paper. In this context, our results represent a new andimportant attempt to provide a full understanding of the structural causes of gender gaps inthe Chilean labor market but they are not conclusive.



Autor: Sanhueza Riveros, Claudia; - Bravo Urrutia, David; - Urzúa, Sergio; -

Fuente: http://repositorio.uchile.cl/



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