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BMC Public Health

, 9:398

First Online: 30 October 2009Received: 24 April 2009Accepted: 30 October 2009DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-9-398

Cite this article as: Stray-Pedersen, M., Helsing, R.M., Gibbons, L. et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9: 398. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-9-398

Abstract

BackgroundTo provide data on overweight, obesity and hypertension among adolescent girls in Norway and Argentina.

MethodsData was obtained from two population-based, cross-sectional and descriptive studies containing anthropometric and blood pressure measurements of 15 to 18 year old girls. The study included 2,156 adolescent girls from Norway evaluated between 1995 and 1997, and 669 from Argentina evaluated between 2004 and 2005.

ResultsAround 15% of adolescent girls in Norway and 19% in Argentina are overweight or obese. Body mass index BMI distribution in these two countries is similar, with a low percentage < 1% of girls classified as thin. Norwegian adolescents show a height mean value 8 cm taller than the Argentinean. Obesity is strongly associated with systolic hypertension in both populations, with odds ratios of 11.4 1.6; 82.0 and 28.3 11.8; 67.7 in Argentina and Norway, respectively. No direct association between BMI and systolic hypertension was found, and only extreme BMI values above 80 - 90 percentile were associated with hypertension.

ConclusionThis study confirms a current world health problem by showing the high prevalence of obesity in adolescents and its association with hypertension in two different countries one developed and one in transition.

AbbreviationsBMIBody Mass Index

HUNTNorwegian Health Study of Nord-Trøndelag

ENNYSArgentinean National Survey of Nutrition and Health

INDECArgentinean Institute of Statistics and Census

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-9-398 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Marit Stray-Pedersen - Ragnhild M Helsing - Luz Gibbons - Gabriela Cormick - Turid L Holmen - Torstein Vik - José M Bel

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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