High prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni and other intestinal parasites among elementary school children in Southwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional studyReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Public Health

, 15:600

First Online: 02 July 2015Received: 31 October 2014Accepted: 19 June 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12889-015-1952-6

Cite this article as: Jejaw, A., Zemene, E., Alemu, Y. et al. BMC Public Health 2015 15: 600. doi:10.1186-s12889-015-1952-6

Abstract

BackgroundIntestinal parasitic infections IPIs pose significant public health challenges in school children in developing countries. The aim of this study is to determine prevalence of intestinal parasites among elementary school children in Mizan-Aman town, southwest Ethiopia.

MethodsInstitution-based cross-sectional study involving 460 elementary school children in Mizan-Aman Town was conducted from May to June 2013. The school children were selected using multistage sampling technique. Data on demography and predisposing factors of IPIs were collected using pretested questionnaire. Moreover, single stool specimen was examined microscopically after wet mount and formol-ether sedimentation concentration procedures. Infection intensity of Schistosoma mansoni and soil-transmitted helminths STHs was estimated using Kato-Katz egg counting method.

ResultsAge of the children ranged from 5 to 17 years. Overall, 76.7 % 95%CI: 72.8–80.6 of the children harbored at least one species of intestinal parasite. Eight species of intestinal parasites were detected with S. mansoni 44.8 % and Ascaris lumbricoides 28.7 % being predominant. Helminths and pathogenic intestinal protozoa were detected in 73.9 and 7.8 % of the children, respectively. After adjusting for other variables, age between 5 and 9 years AOR, 2.6, 95%CI, 1.552–4.298, male gender AOR, 2.1, 95%CI, 1.222–3.526, attending public school AOR, 0.1, 95%CI, 0.060–0.256, using river-well water AOR, 2.4, 95%CI, 0.912–6.191, irregular washing of hands before meal AOR, 0.5, 95%CI, 0.254–0.865, consuming street food AOR, 2.3, 95%CI, 1.341–3.813 and raw vegetables AOR, 2.7, 95%CI, 1.594–4.540 were significantly associated with IPIs in the study participants.

ConclusionPrevalence of intestinal parasites among the school children was high. Deworming of the school children and continuous follow up is required.

KeywordsS. mansoni Intestinal parasites School children Ethiopia  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Ayalew Jejaw - Endalew Zemene - Yayehirad Alemu - Zemenu Mengistie

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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