The Kanker Nazorg Wijzer Cancer Aftercare Guide protocol: the systematic development of a web-based computer tailored intervention providing psychosocial and lifestyle support for cancer survivorsReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Cancer

, 15:580

First Online: 11 August 2015Received: 17 June 2015Accepted: 30 July 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12885-015-1588-z

Cite this article as: Willems, R.A., Bolman, C.A., Mesters, I. et al. BMC Cancer 2015 15: 580. doi:10.1186-s12885-015-1588-z

Abstract

BackgroundAfter primary treatment, many cancer survivors experience psychosocial, physical, and lifestyle problems. To address these issues, we developed a web-based computer tailored intervention, the Kanker Nazorg Wijzer Cancer Aftercare Guide, aimed at providing psychosocial and lifestyle support for cancer survivors. The purpose of this article is to describe the systematic development and the study design for evaluation of this theory and empirical based intervention.

Methods-designFor the development of the intervention, the steps of the Intervention Mapping protocol were followed. A needs assessment was performed consisting of a literature study, focus group interviews, and a survey study to get more insight into cancer survivors’ health issues. This resulted in seven problem areas that were addressed in the intervention: cancer-related fatigue, return to work, anxiety and depression, social relationships and intimacy, physical activity, diet, and smoking. To address these problem areas, the principles of problem-solving therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy are used. At the start of the intervention, participants have to fill in a screening questionnaire. Based on their answers, participants receive tailored advice about which problem areas deserve their attention. Participants were recruited from November 2013 through June 2014 by hospital staff from 21 hospitals in the Netherlands. Patients were selected either during follow-up visits to the hospital or from reviews of the patients’ files. The effectiveness of the intervention is being tested in a randomized controlled trial consisting of an intervention group n = 231 and waiting list control group n = 231 with a baseline measurement and follow-up measurements at 3, 6, and 12 months.

DiscussionUsing the Intervention Mapping protocol resulted in a theory and evidence-based intervention providing tailored advice to cancer survivors on how to cope with psychosocial and lifestyle issues after primary treatment.

Trial registrationDutch Trial Register NTR3375

KeywordsCancer survivorship eHealth Quality of life Psychosocial well-being Lifestyle Intervention Mapping Computer tailoring Problem-solving Cognitive behavioral therapy AbbreviationsKNWKanker Nazorg Wijzer Cancer Aftercare Guide

IMIntervention Mapping

POsPerformance objectives

COsChange objectives

PSTProblem-Solving Therapy

CBTCognitive Behavioral Therapy

RCTRandomized Controlled Trial

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Autor: Roy A Willems - Catherine AW Bolman - Ilse Mesters - Iris M Kanera - Audrey AJM Beaulen - Lilian Lechner

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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