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Human-in-the-loop, User Interface, Visual Task Specification, Human Robot Interaction, Uncalibrated Visual Servoing, Semi-autonomy

Gridseth, Mona

Supervisor and department: Jagersand, Martin Computing Science

Examining committee member and department: Dodds, Zachary Computer Science, Harvey Mudd College Boulanger, Pierre Computing Science

Department: Department of Computing Science

Specialization:

Date accepted: 2015-09-28T16:07:15Z

Graduation date: 2015-11

Degree: Master of Science

Degree level: Master's

Abstract: In today-s world robots work well in structured environments, where they complete tasks autonomously and accurately. This is evident from industrial robotics. However, in unstructured and dynamic environments such as for instance homes, hospitals or areas affected by disasters, robots are still not able to be of much assistance. Moreover, robotics research has focused on topics such as mechatronics design, control and autonomy, while fewer works pay attention to human-robot interfacing. This results in an increasing gap between expectations of robotics technology and its real world capabilities. In this work we present a human robot interface for semi-autonomous human-in-the-loop control, that aims to tackle some of the challenges for robotics in unstructured environments. The interface lets a user specify tasks for a robot to complete using uncalibrated visual servoing. Visual servoing is a technique that uses visual input to control a robot. In particular, uncalibrated visual servoing works well in unstructured environments since we do not rely on calibration or other modelling.The user can visually specify high-level tasks by combining a set of geometric constraints. Our interface offers a versatile set of tasks that span both coarse and fine manipulation. The main contribution of this thesis is twofold. First of all we have developed an interface for visual task specification. Second we complete experiments to explore the visual task specification technique and find how to best use it in practice. Finally, we complete experiments to asses the performance of the system.

Language: English

DOI: doi:10.7939-R3P26QB7K

Rights: Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.





Autor: Gridseth, Mona

Fuente: https://era.library.ualberta.ca/


Introducción



Visual Task Specification User Interface for Uncalibrated Visual Servoing by Mona Gridseth A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science Department of Computing Science University of Alberta ©Mona Gridseth, 2015 Abstract In today’s world robots work well in structured environments, where they complete tasks autonomously and accurately.
This is evident from industrial robotics.
However, in unstructured and dynamic environments such as for instance homes, hospitals or areas affected by disasters, robots are still not able to be of much assistance.
Moreover, robotics research has focused on topics such as mechatronics design, control and autonomy, while fewer works pay attention to human-robot interfacing.
This results in an increasing gap between expectations of robotics technology and its real world capabilities. In this work we present a human robot interface for semi-autonomous human-inthe-loop control, that aims to tackle some of the challenges for robotics in unstructured environments.
The interface lets a user specify tasks for a robot to complete using uncalibrated visual servoing.
Visual servoing is a technique that uses visual input to control a robot.
In particular, uncalibrated visual servoing works well in unstructured environments since we do not rely on calibration or other modelling. The user can visually specify high-level tasks by combining a set of geometric constraints.
Our interface offers a versatile set of tasks that span both coarse and fine manipulation.
The main contribution of this thesis is twofold.
First of all we have developed an interface for visual task specification.
Second we complete experiments to explore the visual task specification technique and find how to best use it in practice.
Finally, we complete experiments to asses the performance of the system. ii Acknowledgements I would like to extend my gratitude to my advisor Professor Martin Jägersand.
I am grateful tha...





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