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BMC Research Notes

, 7:162

First Online: 19 March 2014Received: 12 February 2013Accepted: 07 March 2014DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-7-162

Cite this article as: Shiferaw, Y., Alemu, A., Assefa, A. et al. BMC Res Notes 2014 7: 162. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-162


BackgroundThe university environment offers great opportunity for HIV high-risk behaviors, including unsafe sex and multiple partnerships. Despite recently gained decline of the overall incidence of HIV infection, still significant proportion of youth population are at high risk of HIV infection. The aims of this study were to assess the perception of HIV risk and factors associated with risk perception among students at University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia.

MethodsA cross sectional study was conducted between February and April, 2012 among health science students. A total of 384 students were involved in the study using stratified sampling technique. Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were employed. P-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant for all cases.

ResultsOf the total 384 participated students, 20052.1% were females. Out of the total study respondents, 20252.6% were sexually experienced. One hundred and nine 59.2% out of 184 males and 9346.5% out of 200 females had had sexual experience. About 2357.5% of those age below 20 years, 7052.2% of 20-24 years old, and 1361.9% of those ages of 25 years or older were perceived themselves as if they have no chance of acquiring HIV infection. Students initiated sexual intercourse at early age ≤8 years were significantly associated with having multiple partnerships crude OR =3.6, p = 0.002 for male and crude OR = 1.7, p = 0.04 for female. Statistically significant difference was observed in the distribution of condom use during sexual intercourse among various age groups p-value = 0.001. Sexual initiation at younger age, having multiple partnerships, inconsistent condom use and alcohol and-or drug abuse were significantly perceived as predictor for an increased risks for HIV infection.

ConclusionStudents were engaged in various HIV risk behaviors. Early sexual initiation and alcohol and-or drug abuse were important factors for having multiple partnerships. Poor agreement between having HIV risk behaviors and perception of HIV risk were observed. Attention has to be given on the role of alcohol and-or drug abuse in the participation of HIV risk behaviors in the design and implementation of HIV prevention for university students.

KeywordsHIV risk perception Risky sexual behavior Students Ethiopia  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Yitayal Shiferaw - Abebe Alemu - Abate Assefa - Berihun Tesfaye - Etsegenet Gibermedhin - Misiker Amare


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