The response of a local health authority to reported cases of salmonellosis in a Portuguese municipality, 2007 to 2011Reportar como inadecuado




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BMC Research Notes

, 7:161

First Online: 19 March 2014Received: 10 June 2013Accepted: 10 March 2014DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-7-161

Cite this article as: Gonçalves, G., Gouveia, E. & Prasad, L. BMC Res Notes 2014 7: 161. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-161

Abstract

BackgroundHuman salmonelloses are statutorily reportable infectious diseases SRID in Portugal. Data derived from SRID surveillance systems have been used in international comparisons as well as in studies assessing the sources and modes of transmission of Salmonella infections in humans.

MethodsWe evaluated a salmonellosis statutorily reportable surveillance system in a Portuguese local health authority, consulting routine data available. The main objectives were describing procedures used to investigate and respond to reported cases, and identifying the sources of infection and modes of transmission.

ResultsIn the five year period from 2007 to 2011, medical doctors reported 58 cases of non-typhoidal salmonellosis to the local health authority. Fifty four reported cases were in hospitalized children age range 1 – 19 years and 44 were associated with drinking water from private wells or eating raw egg products, which is consistent with other studies.

ConclusionsThis local surveillance system was useful for detecting both isolated cases and outbreaks of salmonellosis and for identifying modes of transmission and sources of infection. It stimulated community health educational activities to prevent future cases. However, further evaluation including economic analysis and an impact assessment is required at both local and national levels.

KeywordsSalmonellosis Surveillance Source Transmission Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-161 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Guilherme Gonçalves - Eduardo Gouveia - Leonie Prasad

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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