Validation of a novel point of care testing device for sickle cell diseaseReport as inadecuate

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BMC Medicine

, 13:225

First Online: 16 September 2015Received: 09 July 2015Accepted: 02 September 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12916-015-0473-6

Cite this article as: Kanter, J., Telen, M.J., Hoppe, C. et al. BMC Med 2015 13: 225. doi:10.1186-s12916-015-0473-6


BackgroundSickle cell disease is one of the most common inherited blood disorders. Universal screening and early intervention have significantly helped to reduce childhood mortality in high-resource countries. However, persons living in low-resource settings are often not diagnosed until late childhood when they present with clinical symptoms. In addition, confirmation of disease in affected individuals in the urgent care setting is limited in both high- and low-resource areas, often leading to delay in treatment. All of the current diagnostic methods rely on advanced laboratory systems and are often prohibitively expensive and time-consuming in low-resource settings. To address this need, the Sickle SCAN™ test has been developed to diagnose sickle cell disease and sickle cell trait at the point of care without electricity or advanced equipment.

MethodsThis study was conducted to evaluate and validate the diagnostic accuracy of the Sickle SCAN™ test, a novel point of care test for sickle cell disease. Thus, we describe the laboratory testing and clinical validation of the Sickle SCAN™ test in individuals >1 year of age using capillary blood. The Sickle SCAN™ test was created using advanced, qualitative lateral flow technology using capillary blood to identify the presence of hemoglobin A, S, and C allowing for detection of results with the naked eye.

ResultsLaboratory testing using venous blood demonstrated 99 % sensitivity and 99 % specificity for the diagnosis of HbSS, HbAS, HbSC, HbAC, and HbAA. Seventy-one subjects underwent capillary blood sampling at the point of care for further validation. This test detected the correct A, S, and C presence with an overall diagnostic accuracy of 99 % at the bedside.

ConclusionThe Sickle SCAN™ test has the potential to significantly impact the diagnosis and treatment for sickle cell disease worldwide as well as enhance genetic counseling at the point of care. Further validation testing will be conducted in newborns in resource-poor settings in upcoming studies.

KeywordsSickle cell Point of care Diagnostics Immunoassay AbbreviationsBSABovine serum albumin

CIConfidence interval


HbAAdult hemoglobin

HbCHemoglobin C

HbSSickle cell hemoglobin

HPLCHigh performance liquid chromatography

IRBInstitutional review board

LoDLimit of detection

MUSCMedical University of South Carolina

POCPoint of care

SCDSickle cell disease

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12916-015-0473-6 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Julie Kanter - Marilyn J. Telen - Carolyn Hoppe - Christopher L. Roberts - Jason S. Kim - Xiaoxi Yang


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