Time-restricted feeding and the realignment of biological rhythms: translational opportunities and challengesReport as inadecuate

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Journal of Translational Medicine

, 12:79

Nutrition and metabolism


It has been argued that circadian dysregulation is not only a critical inducer and promoter of adverse health effects, exacerbating symptom burden, but also hampers recovery. Therefore understanding the health-promoting roles of regulating i.e., restoring circadian rhythms, thus suppressing harmful effects of circadian dysregulation, would likely improve treatment. At a critical care setting it has been argued that studies are warranted to determine whether there is any use in restoring circadian rhythms in critically ill patients, what therapeutic goals should be targeted, and how these could be achieved. Particularly interesting are interventional approaches aiming at optimizing the time of feeding in relation to individualized day–night cycles for patients receiving enteral nutrition, in an attempt to re-establish circadian patterns of molecular expression. In this short review we wish to explore the idea of transiently imposing appropriate, but yet to be determined circadian rhythmicity via regulation of food intake as a means of exploring rhythm-setting properties of metabolic cues in the context of improving immune response. We highlight some of the key elements associated with his complex question particularly as they relate to: a stress and rhythmic variability; and b metabolic entrainment of peripheral tissues as a possible intervention strategy through time-restricted feeding. Finally, we discuss the challenges and opportunities for translating these ideas to the bedside.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1479-5876-12-79 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Jag Sunderram - Stavroula Sofou - Kubra Kamisoglu - Vassiliki Karantza - Ioannis P Androulakis

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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