Risk factors of hepatitis B transmission in northern Palestine: a case – control studyReport as inadecuate




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BMC Research Notes

, 7:190

First Online: 28 March 2014Received: 14 August 2013Accepted: 25 March 2014DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-7-190

Cite this article as: Nazzal, Z. & Sobuh, I. BMC Res Notes 2014 7: 190. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-190

Abstract

BackgroundThe Hepatitis B HB infection is a significant health problem in Palestine, which is categorized as an HB virus moderate endemic area, with the HB carrier rate ranging from 2-6%. The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors of Hepatitis transmission in the northern areas of Palestine in order to help prevent and control this prevalent health problem.

MethodsA case–control study was implemented to achieve the study objectives. One hundred HB virus seropositive cases and another 100 seronegative controls were included in the study. Univariate analysis and a logistic regression model were performed to examine probable risk factors of acquisition of HB infections.

ResultsUnivariate analysis showed that HB case-patients were more likely to report having a history of blood transfusion, dental visits, hospitalization, Hejamat, sharing shaving equipments, intravenous drug use, or living abroad than controls were. The logistic regression model revealed a history of dental visits to be the most significant risk factor, P value <0.001, OR 5.6; 95% CI 2.8-11.1.

ConclusionThe presence of these risk factors emphasizes the need for both increasing the uptake of HB vaccine and implementing risk-targeted public health education. Development and enforcement of appropriate infection control guidelines for dental care services are important to prevent HB virus transmission as well.

KeywordsHepatitis B Risk factors Dental visits Case–control study Northern Palestine  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Zaher Nazzal - Inam Sobuh

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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