Socioeconomic position and work, travel, and recreation-related physical activity in Japanese adults: a cross-sectional studyReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 15:916

First Online: 18 September 2015Received: 10 November 2014Accepted: 04 September 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12889-015-2226-z

Cite this article as: Matsushita, M., Harada, K. & Arao, T. BMC Public Health 2015 15: 916. doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2226-z

Abstract

BackgroundThe aim of this study was to examine the association between socioeconomic position and the domains of physical activity connected with work, travel, and recreation in Japanese adults.

MethodsA total of 3269 subjects, 1651 men mean ± standard deviation; 44.2 ± 8.1 years and 1618 women 44.1 ± 8.1 years, responded to an Internet-based cross-sectional survey. Data on socioeconomic household income, educational level and demographic variables age, size of household, and household motor vehicles were obtained. To examine the associations between socioeconomic position and physical activity, logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratio OR and confidence interval CI for -active- domains of physical activity.

ResultsMen with a household income of ≥7 million yen had significantly lower work-related physical activity than the lowest income group OR 0.51; 95 % CI, 0.35–0.75, but significantly greater travel-related OR 1.37; 1.02–1.85, recreational OR 2.00; 1.46–2.73 and total physical activity OR 1.56; 1.17–2.08. Women with a household income of ≥7 million yen had significantly greater recreational physical activity OR 1.43; 1.01–2.04 than the lowest income group. Their total physical activity was borderline significant, with slightly more activity in the high-income group OR 1.36; 1.00–1.84, but no significant differences for work- and travel-related physical activity. Men with higher educational level 4-year college or higher degree had significantly lower work-related OR 0.62; 0.46–0.82, and greater travel-related physical activity OR 1.33; 1.04–1.71 than the lowest educated group, but there were no significant differences in recreational and total physical activity. Women with a 4-year college or higher degree had significantly greater travel-related physical activity than the lowest educated group OR 1.49; 1.12–1.97, but there were no significant differences in any other physical activity. There was no relation between working full time and physical activity in men, but women working full-time have significantly lower and not higher travel related physical activity. OR 0.75; 0.59–0.96.

ConclusionsThis study suggests that lower socioeconomic position is associated with more work-related physical activity, and less travel-related, recreational and total physical activity, and that this was more pronounced in men than in women.

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Author: Munehiro Matsushita - Kazuhiro Harada - Takashi Arao

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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