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BMC Public Health

, 9:227

First Online: 11 July 2009Received: 27 March 2009Accepted: 11 July 2009DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-9-227

Cite this article as: Agampodi, S.B., Dharmaratne, S.D. & Agampodi, T.C. BMC Public Health 2009 9: 227. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-9-227


BackgroundOccupational injuries among flight attendants have not been given appropriate attention in Sri Lanka. The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence of onboard injury among Sri Lankan flight attendants and to describe the determinants of onboard injury.

MethodsA descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among Sri Lankan flight attendants. All flight attendants undergoing their annual health and first aid training were invited to participate. Flight attendants who flew continuously for a six-month period prior to data collection were included in the study sample. Recall history of injuries for a period of six months was recorded.

ResultsThe study sample consisted of 98 30.4% male and 224 69.6% female flight attendants. The mean age of the study sample was 31 years SD = 8 and the average duration of service was 10 years SD = 7. A total of 100 onboard falls, slips or trips in the previous six months were reported by 52 16.1% respondents. Of the total sample, 128 39.8% cabin crew members reported an injury in the six months preceding the study. This represents a total injury incidence of 795 per 1000 person per year. The leading causes of injury was pulling, pushing or lifting 60.2%. The commonest type of injuries were strains and sprains 52.3%. Turbulence related injuries were reported by 38 29.7% flight attendants. The upper limbs 44.5% and the back 32% were the commonest sites affected. After controlling for other factors, female flight attendants had 2.9 times higher risk 95% CI 1.2–7.2 of sustaining and injury than males. Irrespective of sex, body weight less than 56 kilograms OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.4–5.8 and less than seven years of on board experience OR 10.5, 95% CI 3.6–31.0 were associated with higher risk of injury.

ConclusionWork related injury is a major occupational hazard to flight attendants. Appropriate preventive strategies are required to minimize them.

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Autor: Suneth B Agampodi - Samath D Dharmaratne - Thilini C Agampodi


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