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BMC Research Notes

, 7:220

First Online: 08 April 2014Received: 12 August 2013Accepted: 03 April 2014DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-7-220

Cite this article as: Kiros, G., Erko, B., Giday, M. et al. BMC Res Notes 2014 7: 220. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-220

Abstract

BackgroundThe negative impact of synthetic molluscicides on the environment and their high cost necessitated search for an alternative approach of using plant extracts for the control of schistosomiasis. The objective of this study was, therefore, to evaluate aqueous and ethyl acetate crude extracts of Glinus lotoides fruits for their cercariacidal activity and molluscicidal effect against schistosome snail intermediate hosts.

MethodsAssessment of the molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria pfeifferi was made by immersion method in accordance with WHO guideline. The results of mortality were statistically analyzed using probit analysis. The attenuating effect of the plant on Schistosoma mansoni cercariae was determined using establishment of adult worms as a parasitological parameter post exposure.

ResultsThe 24 and 48 hour-LC50 values for the aqueous extract of G. lotoides fruits were 47.1 and 44.1 mg-L, respectively, whereas that of ethyl acetate were 66.1 and 59.6 mg-L, respectively. The 24 and 48 hour LC90 values for the aqueous extract of G. lotoides fruits were 56.96 and 51.0 mg-L, respectively, while that of ethyl acetate were 77.2 and 70.0 mg-L, respectively. The in vitro cercariacidal activity was determined after 2 hrs of exposure to the aqueous plant extract. It was found out that the LC50 and LC90 values were 18.7 and 41.7 mg-L, respectively. Besides, infectivity of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae to mice was determined by exposing mice to cercariae pre-treated with the sub-lethal concentrations 3.7, 11.6 and 18.7 mg-L of the aqueous extract. A significant reduction in worm burden in mice was obtained at 11.6 mg-L p < 0.05. Moreover, the reduction in number of worms recovered was highly significant at 18.7 mg-L p < 0.001.

ConclusionsThe results showed that G. lotoides has molluscicidal activity against B. pfeifferi snails and cercariacidal activity against S. mansoni. Yet, further comprehensive evaluation is recommended for the possible use of G. lotoides against B. pfeifferi and the schistosome parasite.

KeywordsGlinus lotoides Molluscicide Cercariacide Schistosomiasis Ethiopia  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Gebrehiwot Kiros - Berhanu Erko - Mirutse Giday - Yalemtsehay Mekonnen

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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