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BMC Public Health

, 15:939

First Online: 22 September 2015Received: 15 March 2015Accepted: 08 September 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12889-015-2250-z

Cite this article as: Walsh, A., Kearney, L. & Dennis, N. BMC Public Health 2015 15: 939. doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2250-z

Abstract

BackgroundOptimal infant nutrition comprises exclusive breastfeeding, with complementary foods introduced from six months of age. How parents make decisions regarding this is poorly studied. This study begins to address the dearth of research into the decision-making processes used by first-time mothers relating to the introduction of complementary foods.

MethodsThis qualitative explorative study was conducted using interviews 13 and focus groups 3. A semi-structured interview guide based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour TPB. The TPB, a well-validated decision-making model, identifies the key determinants of a behaviour through behavioural beliefs, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control over the behaviour. It is purported that these beliefs predict behavioural intention to perform the behaviour, and performing the behaviour.

A purposive, convenience, sample of 21 metropolitan parents recruited through advertising at local playgroups and childcare centres, and electronically through the University community email list self-selected to participate. Data were analysed thematically within the theoretical constructs: behavioural beliefs, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control. Data relating to sources of information about the introduction of complementary foods were also collected.

ResultsOverall, first-time mothers found that waiting until six months was challenging despite knowledge of the WHO recommendations and an initial desire to comply with this guideline. Beliefs that complementary foods would assist the infants’ weight gain, sleeping patterns and enjoyment at meal times were identified. Barriers preventing parents complying with the recommendations included subjective and group norms, peer influences, infant cues indicating early readiness and food labelling inconsistencies. The most valued information source was from peers who had recently introduced complementary foods.

ConclusionsFirst-time mothers in this study did not demonstrate a good understanding of the rationale behind the WHO recommendations, nor did they understand fully the signs of readiness of infants to commence solid foods. Factors that assisted waiting until six months were a trusting relationship with a health professional whose practice and advice was consistent with the recommendations and-or when their infant was developmentally ready for complementary foods at six months and accepted them with ease and enthusiasm. Barriers preventing parents complying with the recommendations included subjective and group norms, peer influences, infant cues indicating early readiness and food labelling inconsistencies.

KeywordsParent Complementary food Solids Decision making Theory of planned behaviour Information sources AbbreviationsWHOWorld Health Organisation

NHandMRCNational Health and Medical Research Council

CFComplementary foods – defined in the background

TPBTheory of planned behaviour

UKUnited Kingdom

Anne Walsh and Lauren Kearney contributed equally to this work.

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Autor: Anne Walsh - Lauren Kearney - Nicole Dennis

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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