A dengue outbreak on a floating village at Cat Ba Island in VietnamReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 15:940

First Online: 22 September 2015Received: 18 June 2015Accepted: 07 September 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12889-015-2235-y

Cite this article as: Le Viet, T., Choisy, M., Bryant, J.E. et al. BMC Public Health 2015 15: 940. doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2235-y

Abstract

BackgroundA dengue outbreak in an ecotourism destination spot in Vietnam, from September to November 2013, impacted a floating village of fishermen on the coastal island of Cat Ba. The outbreak raises questions about how tourism may impact disease spread in rural areas.

MethodsEpidemiological data were obtained from the Hai Phong Preventive Medical Center PMC, including case histories and residential location from all notified dengue cases from this outbreak. All household addresses were geo-located. Knox test, a spatio-temporal analysis that enables inference dengue clustering constrained by space and time, was performed on the geocoded locations. From the plasma available from two patients, positive for Dengue serotype 3 virus DENV3, the Envelope E gene was sequenced, and their genetic relationships compared to other E sequences in the region.

ResultsOf 192 dengue cases, the odds ratio of contracting dengue infections for people living in the floating villages compared to those living on the island was 4.9 95 % CI: 3.6-6.7. The space-time analyses on 111 geocoded dengue residences found the risk of dengue infection to be the highest within 4 days and a radius of 20 m of a given case. Of the total of ten detected clusters with an excess risk greater than 2, the cluster with the highest number of cases was in the floating village area 24 patients for a total duration of 31 days. Phylogenetic analysis revealed a high homology of the two DENV3 strains genotype III from Cat Ba with DENV3 viruses circulating in Hanoi in the same year 99.1 %.

ConclusionsOur study showed that dengue transmission is unlikely to be sustained on Cat Ba Island and that the 2013 epidemic likely originated through introduction of viruses from the mainland, potentially Hanoi. These findings suggest that prevention efforts should be focused on mainland rather than on the island.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2235-y contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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