Primary prevention for risk factors of ischemic stroke with Baduanjin exercise intervention in the community elder population: study protocol for a randomized controlled trialReport as inadecuate

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, 15:113

First Online: 09 April 2014Received: 03 January 2014Accepted: 27 March 2014DOI: 10.1186-1745-6215-15-113

Cite this article as: Zheng, G., Chen, B., Fang, Q. et al. Trials 2014 15: 113. doi:10.1186-1745-6215-15-113


BackgroundStroke is a major cause of death and disability in the world, and the prevalence of stroke tends to increase with age. Despite advances in acute care and secondary preventive strategies, primary prevention should play the most significant role in the reduction of the burden of stroke. As an important component of traditional Chinese Qigong, Baduanjin exercise is a simple, safe exercise, especially suitable for older adults. However, current evidence is insufficient to inform the use of Baduanjin exercise in the prevention of stroke.

The aim of this trail is to systematically evaluate the prevention effect of Baduanjin exercise on ischemic stroke in the community elder population with high risk factors.

MethodsA total of 170 eligible participants from the community elder population will be randomly allocated into the Baduanjin exercise group and usual physical activity control group in a 1:1 ratio. Besides usual physical activity, participants in the Baduanjin exercise group will accept a 12-week Baduanjin exercise training with a frequency of five days a week and 40 minutes a day. Primary and secondary outcomes will be measured at baseline, 13 weeks at end of intervention and 25 weeks after additional 12-week follow-up period.

DiscussionThis study will be the randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of Baduanjin exercise for primary prevention of stroke in community elder population with high risk factors of stroke. The results of this trial will help to establish the optimal approach for primary prevention of stroke.

Trial registrationChinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-TRC-13003588.

Registration date: 24 July, 2013.

KeywordsBaduanjin exercise Ischemic stroke Community elder population Randomized controlled trial AbbreviationsSDStandard deviation

BMIBody mass index

TIATransient ischemic attack

SAS 9.1Statistical analysis system 9.1

SPSS 21.0Statistic package for social science 21.0

TCTotal cholesterol

TGSerum triglyceride

LDLLow- density lipoprotein

HDLHigh-density lipoprotein

FPGFasting plasma glucose

HcySerum homocysteine

IL-6Interleukin 6

TNF-αTumor necrosis factor α

ELISAEnzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay

PSQIPittsburgh sleep quality index

MOSMedical outcomes study

SF-36Item short form health survey

MUNSHMemorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness

BPOMSBrief Profile of Mood State

RSESRosenberg self-esteem scale



ANOVAAnalysis of variance.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1745-6215-15-113 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Guohua Zheng, Bai Chen, Qianying Fang contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Guohua Zheng - Bai Chen - Qianying Fang - Hongmei Yi - Qiu Lin - Lidian Chen - Jing Tao - Junzhe Li - Xin Zheng - Moyi L


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