A simple breathing circuit allowing precise control of inspiratory gases for experimental respiratory manipulationsReport as inadecuate

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BMC Research Notes

, 7:235

First Online: 12 April 2014Received: 22 October 2013Accepted: 09 April 2014DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-7-235

Cite this article as: Tancredi, F.B., Lajoie, I. & Hoge, R.D. BMC Res Notes 2014 7: 235. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-235


BackgroundRespiratory manipulations modulating blood flow and oxygenation levels have become an important component of modern functional MRI applications. Manipulations often consist of temporarily switching inspired fractions of CO2 and O2; and have typically been performed using simple oxygen masks intended for applications in respiratory therapy. However, precise control of inspired gas composition is difficult using this type of mask due to entrainment of room air and resultant dilution of inspired gases. We aimed at developing a gas delivery apparatus allowing improved control over the fractional concentration of inspired gases, to be used in brain fMRI studies.

FindingsThe breathing circuit we have conceived allowed well controlled step changes in FiO2 and FiCO2, at moderate flow rates achievable on standard clinical flow regulators. In a two run test inside the scanner we demonstrate that tightly controlled simple gas switching manipulations can afford good intra-subject reproducibility of induced hyperoxia-hypercapnia responses. Although our approach requires a non-vented mask fitting closely to the subject’s face, the circuit ensures a continuous supply of breathable air even if the supply of medical gases is interrupted, and is easily removable in case of an emergency. The apparatus we propose is also compact and MRI compatible, allowing subject placement in confined spaces such as an MRI scanner for brain examinations.

ConclusionsWe have reported a new approach for the controlled administration of medical gases, and describe an implementation of the breathing circuit that is MRI compatible and uses commercially available parts. The resultant apparatus allows simple, safe and precise manipulations of FiO2 and FiCO2.

KeywordsRespiratory manipulation Functional MRI Hypercapnia Hyperoxia Breathing circuit Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-235 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Felipe B Tancredi - Isabelle Lajoie - Richard D Hoge

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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