Association of socioeconomic status with overall overweight and central obesity in men and women: the French Nutrition and Health Survey 2006Report as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 9:215

First Online: 02 July 2009Received: 25 September 2008Accepted: 02 July 2009DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-9-215

Cite this article as: Vernay, M., Malon, A., Oleko, A. et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9: 215. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-9-215

Abstract

BackgroundIdentification of subpopulations at high risk of overweight and obesity is crucial for prevention and management of obesity in different socioeconomic status SES categories. The objective of the study was to describe disparities in the prevalence of overweight and obesity across socioeconomic status SES groups in 18–74 year-old French adults.

MethodsAnalyses were based on a multistage stratified random sample of non-institutionalized adults aged 18–74-years-old from the French Nutrition and Health Survey ENNS, a cross-sectional national survey carried out in 2006-2007. Collected data included measured anthropometry weight, height and waist circumference WC, demographic and SES data occupation, education and frequency of holiday trips as a marker of family income. SES factors associated with overweight BMI ≥ 25 and central obesity WC above gender-specific references were identified using multiple logistic regression.

ResultsAlmost half 49.3% of French adults were overweight or obese and 16.9% were obese. In men, the risk of overall overweight or obesity was associated with occupation p < 0.05, whereas the risk of central obesity was independently associated with occupation p < 0.05 and frequency of holiday trips p < 0.01. In women, both overall and central overweight and obesity were independently associated with educational level respectively p < 10 and p < 10 and frequency of holiday trips respectively p < 0.05 and p < 10.

ConclusionThe prevalence of overweight and obesity was found to be similar to that of several neighbouring western European countries, and lower than the UK and eastern Europe. Risk of being overweight or obese varied across SES groups both in men and women, but associations were different between men and women, indicating differing determinants.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-9-215 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Michel Vernay - Aurelie Malon - Amivi Oleko - Benoit Salanave - Candice Roudier - Emmanuelle Szego - Valerie Deschamps - Se

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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