Comparing a 7-day diary vs. 24 h-recall for estimating fluid consumption in overweight and obese Mexican womenReport as inadecuate

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BMC Public Health

, 15:1031

First Online: 07 October 2015Received: 16 December 2014Accepted: 29 September 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12889-015-2367-0

Cite this article as: Hernández-Cordero, S., López-Olmedo, N., Rodríguez-Ramírez, S. et al. BMC Public Health 2015 15: 1031. doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2367-0


BackgroundHigh intake of sugar-sweetened beverages SSB is linked to increased weight, energy intake, and diabetes. Even though the increasing interest on beverages and water intake, there are few dietary tools carefully validated. The purpose of this paper is to compare a fluid intake 7-day diary against a 24-h recall questionnaire to estimate the fluid consumption in overweight and obese women participating in a randomized controlled trial in Mexico.

MethodsThis cross-sectional study explored the correlation of reported fluid consumption between two methods: 3-day 24-hr recalls and 7-day diary beverage registry in overweight and obese Mexican women aged 18–45 y n = 190.

ResultsThere was no difference on median estimated volume mL-d, nor the median estimated energy kcal-d from total beverage consumption registered by the two dietary tools. The crude and rank correlation among the two dietary instruments was high for total fluid consumption in mL-d r = 0.7, p < 0.001 crude and rank correlation and for fluid consumption measured as energy intake: r = 0.7; p < 0.001 crude, and r = 0.5; p < 0.001 rank correlation. By type of beverage, the more meaningful rank correlations were for fluid intake in: mL-d, water, alcohol beverages, and SSB; and in kcal-d, alcohol beverages and SSBs rank correlation ≥ 0.6.

ConclusionsOverall, the 7-day diary showed high and strong rank correlations with that reported in the 24-h recall, suggesting that the diary method is a valid dietary tool to evaluate total fluid, water and SSB intake in this population.

KeywordsFluid intake measurement Validation Sugar-sweetened beverages Dietary intake AbbreviationsBMIBody mass index

FFQFood frequency questionnaire

kcal-dKilocalories per day

mL-dmilliliters per day

SSBSugar-sweetened beverage

WHOWord Health Organization

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2367-0 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Sonia Hernández-Cordero - Nancy López-Olmedo - Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez - Simón Barquera-Cervera - Juan Rivera-Dommarco -


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