A cross-sectional study of determinants of birth weight of neonates in the Greater Accra region of GhanaReportar como inadecuado




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Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology

, 1:23

First Online: 07 October 2015Received: 31 May 2015Accepted: 31 August 2015DOI: 10.1186-s40748-015-0023-4

Cite this article as: Atuahene, M., Mensah, D. & Adjuik, M. matern health, neonatol and perinatol 2015 1: 23. doi:10.1186-s40748-015-0023-4

Abstract

BackgroundBirth weight is a major determinant of infant morbidity and mortality. Fetal undernourishment means an increased risk of dying during a baby’s early months and years. Birth weight has emerged as the leading indicator of infant health and welfare and the central focus of infant health policy. The issues have not been comprehensively evaluated in part due to lack of or limited empirical data. To this end, this study is aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal determinants on the birth weights of neonates in two major hospitals.

ResultsLow birth weight neonates were significantly p < 0.001 associated with low gestation at birth 34.8 ± 3.8 while mothers of low birth weight neonates had significantly p = 0.034 lower body mass index 27.3 ± 5.4 than their normal birth weight counterparts 29.0 ± 6.3. Gestation at birth p < 0.001, diastolic blood pressure p = 0.008 was the only significant determinant of birth weight.

ConclusionAn increase in gestation at birth by 1 week results in over twice more likelihood of a normal birth weight while a rise in diastolic blood pressure is less likely to give rise to a normal birth weight neonate.

KeywordsBirth weight Anthropometric measurements Neonates Low birth weight Normal birth weight AbbreviationsANCAntenatal care

IUGRIntra uterine growth retardation

LBWLow birth weight

LMPLast menstrual period

MCHMaternal child health

MOHMinistry of health

NBWNormal birth weight

UNUnited Nations

UNICEFUnited Nations Children Education Fund

WHWorld Health Organization

KBTHKorle-Bu Teaching Hospital

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Autor: Margaret Atuahene - David Mensah - Martin Adjuik

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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