The influence of orthopedic corsets on the incidence of pathological fractures in patients with spinal bone metastases after radiotherapyReportar como inadecuado




The influence of orthopedic corsets on the incidence of pathological fractures in patients with spinal bone metastases after radiotherapy - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

BMC Cancer

, 15:745

First Online: 20 October 2015Received: 21 May 2015Accepted: 15 October 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12885-015-1797-5

Cite this article as: Rief, H., Förster, R., Rieken, S. et al. BMC Cancer 2015 15: 745. doi:10.1186-s12885-015-1797-5

Abstract

BackgroundClinical care of unstable spinal bone metastases in many centers often includes patient immobilization by means of an orthopedic corset in order to prevent pathological fractures. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the incidence of pathological fractures after radiotherapy RT in patients with and without orthopedic corsets and to assess prognostic factors for pathological fractures in patients with spinal bone metastases.

MethodsThe incidence of pathological fractures in 915 patients with 2.195 osteolytic metastases in the thoracic and lumbar spine was evaluated retrospectively on the basis of computed tomography CT scans between January 2000 and January 2012 depending on prescription and wearing of patient—customized orthopedic corsets.

ResultsIn the corset group, 6.8 and 8.0 % in no-corset group showed pathological fractures prior to RT, no significant difference between groups was detected p = 0.473. After 6 months, patients in the corset group showed pathological fractures in 8.6 % and in no-corset group in 9.3 % p = 0.709. The univariate and bivariate analyses demonstrated no significant prognostic factor for incidence of pathological fractures in both groups.

ConclusionsIn this analysis, we could show for the first time in more than 900 patients, that abandoning a general corset supply in patients with spinal metastases does not significantly cause increased rates of pathological fractures. Importantly, the incidence of pathological fracture after RT was small.

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Autor: Harald Rief - Robert Förster - Stefan Rieken - Thomas Bruckner - Ingmar Schlampp - Tilman Bostel - Jürgen Debus

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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