Factors influencing uptake of voluntary counselling and testing services for HIV-AIDS in the Lower Manya Krobo Municipality LMKM in the Eastern Region of Ghana: a cross-sectional household surveyReportar como inadecuado




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Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition

, 33:23

First Online: 21 November 2015Received: 29 June 2015Accepted: 16 November 2015DOI: 10.1186-s41043-015-0035-8

Cite this article as: Apanga, P.A., Akparibo, R. & Awoonor-Williams, J.K. J Health Popul Nutr 2015 33: 23. doi:10.1186-s41043-015-0035-8

Abstract

BackgroundVoluntary counselling and testing VCT is one of the nine strategies recommended for prevention and control of HIV globally. In this study, we assessed the awareness and utilisation of VCT services among residents of the Lower Manya Krobo Municipality LMKM in the Eastern Region of Ghana.

MethodsA population-based descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted with 200 participants, aged between 18 and 55 years. Participants were recruited using cluster and simple random techniques to take part in the survey. Data was analysed descriptively, as well as using regression analysis approach.

ResultsNinety-one percent of the respondents surveyed were aware of VCT services for HIV-AIDS. Seventy percent 70 % have used VCT service in the last 12 months prior to the survey. Of this proportion, 97 % were satisfied with the quality of VCT services offered and indicated their willingness to recommend the service to others. Participants desire to know their HIV status 40 %, referral by health workers 25 %, and participants who wanted to get married 11 % were the main reasons for increased uptake. Participants who had formal education, primary OR = 1.8 95 % CI 1.25–2.84, junior high school OR = 2.3 95 % CI 1.54–3.37, senior high school OR = 2.8 95 % CI 1.73–4.78, and tertiary OR = 3.4 95 % CI 1.98–8.42, had increased chance of using VCT service compared with participants who had no education p < 0.001. Reasons for non-utilisation of VCT service were lack of awareness of the VCT service in the area 32 %, fear of being stigmatised 53 %, and the belief that HIV-AIDS cannot be cured and therefore the lack of need 5 %.

ConclusionsAlthough awareness and utilisation of VCT service rates were reportedly high, more efforts need to be done in order to increase awareness and promote utilisation. HIV-AIDS educational campaign programmes need to be strongly pursued, with emphasis on the benefits of VCT services. This has the potential of reducing stigma and increase utilisation.

KeywordsHIV AIDS VCT Uptake Awareness Ghana  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Paschal A. Apanga - Robert Akparibo - John K. Awoonor-Williams

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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