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BMC Public Health

, 15:1164

First Online: 23 November 2015Received: 21 May 2015Accepted: 17 November 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12889-015-2495-6

Cite this article as: Pyky, R., Jauho, AM., Ahola, R. et al. BMC Public Health 2015 15: 1164. doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2495-6


BackgroundSedentary behavior is associated with poor well-being in youth with adverse trajectories spanning to adulthood. Still, its determinants are poorly known. Our aim was to profile sedentary and non-sedentary young men and to clarify their differences in a population-based setting.

MethodsA total of 616 men mean age 17.9, SD 0.6 attending compulsory conscription for military service completed a questionnaire on health, health behavior, socioeconomic situation and media use. They underwent a physical body composition, muscle and aerobic fitness and medical examination. Profiles were formed by principal component analysis PCA.

ResultsA total of 30.1 % men were sedentary daily leisure-time sitting ≥5 h and 28.9 % non-sedentary sitting ≤2 h. The sedentary men had more body fat, more depressive symptoms, but lower fitness and life satisfaction than non-sedentary men. However, according to PCA, profiles of unhealthy eating, life-dissatisfaction, and gaming were detected both among sedentary and non-sedentary men, as well as high self-rated PA and motives to exercise.

ConclusionDeterminants of sedentary and non-sedentary lifestyles were multiple and partially overlapping. Recognizing individual patterns and underlying factors of the sedentary lifestyle is essential for tailored health promotion and interventions.

KeywordsSitting Male Disordered eating behavior Mood Cluster Physical activity AbbreviationsBDIBeck Depression Inventory

DSM-BIADirect segmental multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis

DXADual X-ray absorptiometry

EDIEating Disorder Inventory

KMOKaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of Adequacy

LSLife satisfaction

PAPhysical activity

PCAPrincipal component analysis

SDStandard deviation

Anna-Maiju Jauho, Riikka Ahola, Tiina M. Ikäheimo, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Matti Mäntysaari, Timo Jämsä and Raija Korpelainen contributed equally to this work.

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Autor: Riitta Pyky - Anna-Maiju Jauho - Riikka Ahola - Tiina M. Ikäheimo - Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen - Matti Mäntysaari - Timo Jä


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