Cause and Prevention of Playground Injuries and Litigation; Case Studies.Reportar como inadecuado

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This study examined 187 playground injuries and 13 fatalities that resulted in lawsuits between 1981 and 1995, taken from the files of two expert witnesses on playground safety who testified in the cases. The data are presented by geographic location, nature of injuries, cause of injuries/fatalities, playground equipment implicated, location of injury/fatality, age of children, gender of children, and violations of safety specifications. Eighty-one percent of the cases in the study were settled out of court, 9 percent went to trial, and 10 percent are in progress. An analysis of the case indicates that playground lawsuits are growing rapidly in the United States, that most cases involve serious or fatal injuries, and that most injuries are due to falls from common playground equipment, such as slides, swings, climbers, merry-go-rounds, horizontal ladders, and fire poles. The study recommends that schools, day care facilities, and other entities with playground facilities follow closely the specifications and standards set forth by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in order to avoid injuries and costly litigation. (Contains 8 references, a list of recommended resources, and 11 figures.) (MDM)

Descriptors: Age Differences, Case Studies, Children, Court Litigation, Death, Injuries, Playgrounds, Safety, Sex Differences, Standards

Autor: Frost, Joe L.; Sweeney, Theodora B.


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