Communications Technologies in Open and Distance Learning in Asia: The Experience of the Asian Development Bank.Report as inadecuate

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In view of financial constraints, large numbers of students to be educated, and rapid changes in information and communication and information technology, open learning (OL) and distance education (DE) systems are being established at an unprecedented rate in almost all developing countries of the Asian and Pacific region. Modern communications, computer-aided programs, and DE and OL systems should be applied vigorously to four areas: reduction of poverty, especially among rural populations; enlargement of human development in all aspects of physical, intellectual, and spiritual areas; improvement of women's status; and contribution to national peace and elimination of violence and terrorism. DE and OL help improve the quality of information and reduce the information gap. The core strength of DE is that it can globalize the education system by bringing in the best available teachers and experts to any corner of the world to provide the latest information with the help of communication technology. DE is a philosophy that translates media into resources to give the right of learning to every learner during student, working, and retirement life. Some issues remain to be addressed in DE and OL: the shift toward small facilities and more software; management capacity, production, and delivery; quality of materials; too generalized programs; dependence on government subsidies; ineffective monitoring and evaluation; and lack of private sector and community involvement. (YLB)

Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Education, Communications, Computer Mediated Communication, Developing Nations, Distance Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Development, Educational Technology, Foreign Countries, Lifelong Learning, Mass Media, Nontraditional Education, Open Education, Postsecondary Education, Rural Areas, Secondary Education, Womens Education

Author: Sharma, Motilal


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