After-School Reunion Interaction in Single Versus Two-Parent Families.Report as inadecuate

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This study measured parent-child interactions when parents picked up their children at an after-school day care center. It was hypothesized that parents from two-parent families would have better interactions with their children than single parents. The subjects of the study were 40 single parents and 40 parents from two-parent families, as well as 50 girls and 30 boys, who were children of these parents and who all attended the same after-school child care center. On five occasions, observers rated all parent-child pairs on a Parent-Child Interaction Checklist (PCIC) that was devised to measure differences in parent-child interaction. It was found that single parents received significantly higher scores than parents in two-parent families on all measures of quality and quantity of reunion interaction. These measures were quality of emotional interaction, amount of physical interaction, amount of verbal interaction, and amount of time spent with the child. These findings challenge the conventional notion that single parents have less time and energy to devote to their interactions with their children than parents in two-parent families. An appendix compares the scores of the single parents and parents in two-parent families on the PCIC measures. (MDM)

Descriptors: After School Programs, Check Lists, Comparative Analysis, Differences, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Nuclear Family, One Parent Family, Parent Child Relationship, Parents, Reunions, School Age Day Care

Author: Sharkey, Ann; Chambliss, Catherine


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