Career Counseling Validity of Discovers Job Cluster Scales for the Revised ASVAB Score Report.Report as inadecuate

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Starting in the fall of 1992, students will be asked to use the U.S. Department of Defense's "Occu-Find" to find occupations that fit their Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) codes, which will be based on the ASVAB academic ability composite (a measure of student cognitive ability). The purpose of this report is to provide evidence bearing on the career counseling validity of an alternative to the ASVAB code: DISCOVER's "ASVAB Job Cluster Scales" composed of eight other ASVAB scores plus ability self-estimates. The six scales provide scores for six job clusters similar to J. Holland's occupational groups. Validity data based on 1,669 students attending 13 high schools in 9 states are presented. Multivariate statistical analyses show that the ASVAB Job Cluster Scale scores of these students differ substantially across six career groups. Group membership predictions were about 50 percent more accurate for the 6 ASVAB Job Cluster Scales than for the 10 ASVAB subtests. In addition, ASVAB Job Cluster Scale profiles for the 6 career groups and 19 more-specific groups were generally in accord with expectations. Study results support the profile similarity model for interpreting ability scores (e.g., scores based on the ASVAB Job Cluster Scales) in career counseling. Five figures and nine tables are included. (Author/RLC)

Descriptors: Ability, Adults, Career Counseling, Classification, Educational Research, Employment Qualifications, High School Students, High Schools, Job Placement, Occupational Clusters, Occupational Tests, Personnel Selection, Rating Scales, Test Validity

ACT Research Report Series, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, IA 52243.

Author: Prediger, Dale J.; Swaney, Kyle B.


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