Challenges and Solutions for Educating Migrant Students.Report as inadecuate

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This paper overviews challenges and solutions for educating migrant students in Michigan. The majority of migrant workers in the United States are Hispanic men with families. Data indicate that only about a fifth of migrant children complete education beyond the sixth grade. Migrant students tend to fall behind in their education because they change schools frequently and miss classes in order to work and help support their families. On the average, migrant students are 3-4 years behind nonmigrant students academically. Six major challenges of migrant education are interrupted schooling, limited English-language proficiency, poor health and nutrition, social isolation, economic marginality, and lack of self-esteem. Solutions for addressing these challenges include teachers and schools: (1) being prepared to meet the educational needs of migrant students, adjusting school calendars to accommodate migrant students, and keeping an academic portfolio on each student; (2) supporting bilingualism by teaching migrant students how to read and write English while encouraging them to maintain their native language; (3) ensuring that migrant students receive needed immunizations and other health-related services; (4) increasing social skills of migrant students by exposing them to different environments such as museums, theaters, supermarkets, science fairs, and community activities; (5) creating programs that address the clothing, food, and shelter needs of migrant families and linking migrant families with appropriate social services agencies; and (6) increasing migrant students' self-esteem by praising accomplishments and identifying student strengths. (LP)

Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Discrimination, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Health Needs, High Risk Students, Hispanic Americans, Limited English Speaking, Migrant Children, Migrant Education, Migrant Programs, Migrant Workers, School Role, Self Esteem, Spanish Speaking, Student Mobility, Student Needs, Teacher Role

Author: Leon, Edgar


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