Implementing Standards-Based Education. Student Assessment Series.Report as inadecuate

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The purposes of this book are to help teachers understand the rationale and nature of the current emphasis on U.S. education on standards and to provide classroom teachers with guidance on the many ways the standards movement might affect their classrooms. Approaches to implementing standards may be organized into two general categories, indirect and direct. Indirect approaches are based on the assumption that even though student performance on standards is not directly tied to their performance in individual classes, teachers will naturally want to provide assistance to their students and will organize their classrooms accordingly. Teachers will usually choose the standards they will address in their classrooms. Direct approaches necessitate a change in classroom practice for teachers because the specific standards teachers must address are mandated. Section 2 considers indirect approaches, and section 3 considers direct approaches. Appendixes contain: (1) Steps to Reasoning Processes; (2) Rubrics for Reasoning Processes; (3) Rubrics for Effective Communication Standards; and (4) Rubrics for Lifelong Learning Standards. (Contains 15 figures and 130 references.) (SLD)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Lifelong Learning, Performance Factors, Program Implementation, Scoring Rubrics, Teaching Methods

NEA Professional Library, Distribution Center, P.O. Box 2035, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-2035; Tel: 800-229-4200 (Toll Free); Tel: 301-617-7830; Fax: 301-206-9789 ($9.95).

Author: Marzano, Robert J.; Kendall, John S.


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