School Finance Legislation: Funding and Distribution, 1999. Research Report.Reportar como inadecuado

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This report describes the 1999 legislation affecting Oregon's K-12 school finance system. The first section summarizes state appropriations and local revenue estimates for 1999-01. The second section describes modifications to the allocation of the State School Fund among school districts and Education Service Districts. The last section reports on the progress toward school equity as embodied in the K-12 equalization formula. Voter approval of Measure 5 in 1990 dramatically changed Oregon's school finance system. Measure 5 phased in property tax limits that substantially reduced local property taxes for schools. Consequently, the 1991 Legislature increased state funding and passed a new school distribution formula. By the end of the 5-year tax limit phase-in, the state primarily funded the school system and virtually eliminated local control over school funding levels. Voter approval of Measure 50 during the 1997 Legislative Session continued the shift to state funding. Measure 50 added another property tax limit more restrictive than Measure 5. In response, the 1997 Legislature raised the level of state funding even higher and further modified the school distribution formula. State funding, less than 30 percent of school general operating revenue in 1990-91, increased to about 70 percent in 1998-99. (DFR)

Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Finance Reform, Financial Support, Government Publications, Local Legislation, Public Schools, Resource Allocation, State Boards of Education, State Legislation, State Programs

Autor: Oregon State Legislative Revenue Office, Salem.


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