Prevalence of Attention Deficit Disorders in Arkansas.Reportar como inadecuado

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This study examined the prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among school children in Arkansas for the purpose of helping school districts plan appropriate educational interventions. The ADHD Survey was mailed to all 311 school superintendents; 128 surveys were returned. Findings revealed that, overall, 3 percent of students in the state were identified as ADHD. In some districts, however, as many as 25 percent of students received this diagnosis. The vast majority of school districts reported they utilize behavior rating scales/checklists in identifying children with ADHD. Ritalin was taken by ADHD students in all districts. Other medications reported as commonly used included Cylert, Dexedrine, Tofranil, Norpramin, and Adderall. Respondents indicated that drug administrations are most often supervised by nurses or nursing personnel (45.3 percent), although 32 percent of districts reported that "multiple" dispensers are responsible for delivery of prescription drugs. Behavior modification techniques were identified as the most frequently used supplement to medication (67.9 percent) and medical evaluations as the typical first step in the evaluation process (52.1 percent). However, only 64 percent of districts reported using a physician's report in arriving at a diagnosis of ADHD. (Contains 40 references.) (DB)

Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Behavior Modification, Clinical Diagnosis, Disability Identification, Drug Therapy, Elementary Secondary Education, Hyperactivity, Incidence, School Nurses, State Surveys, Student Evaluation

Autor: Griffin, Harold; Daley, Christine E.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.


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