Social Support and Parents Satisfaction during the Transition to Parenthood.Report as inadecuate

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This study examined factors contributing to parental satisfaction during the transition to parenthood, and considered gender differences in the type of social support received and role satisfaction. Ninety-five subjects (55 mothers and 40 fathers) were selected to include both primiparous and multiparous parents, employed and nonemployed mothers, urban and rural residence, and various levels of education. They were interviewed separately before and after becoming parents. Results suggested that fathers were more satisfied with their wives' role as mothers than they were with themselves as fathers, and that mothers were more satisfied with themselves as mothers than they were with their husbands as fathers. Mothers reported having more conversations with others on raising children than did fathers. Significant gender differences were also reported in the importance given to support received from various sources; mothers found health care providers and reading more important than did fathers, and fathers found their spouse more important than did mothers. Parents who perceived more social support were more satisfied with their parental role and their spouse's role than were parents who perceived less social support. Further, there was a positive relationship between marital and parental satisfaction. The quality of the marital relationship, the use of friends as a support source, and presence of child-rearing conversations explained 55 percent of the variance in perceived social support. (KDFB)

Descriptors: Adults, Child Rearing, Emotional Adjustment, Foreign Countries, Friendship, Marital Satisfaction, Marriage, Parent Attitudes, Parent Role, Sex Differences, Social Support Groups, Spouses

Author: Menendez, Susana; And Others


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