Applying Multiple Intelligence Theory in the Music Classroom.Report as inadecuate

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Howard Gardner's "Theory of Multiple Intelligences" suggests that everyone is capable of at least seven "ways" of knowing. According to this theory, human beings know the world and solve problems through: (1) language; (2) logical-mathematical analysis; (3) visual-spatial representations; (4) musical thinking; (5) the use of the body; (6) an interpersonal understanding of others; and (7) an intrapersonal understanding of self. Individual differences occur in the relative strengths of each intelligence within a person and in the ways the intelligences are activated and combined to carry out various tasks and to solve problems. Multiple intelligence theory encourages teachers to expand their repertoire of techniques, tools, and strategies beyond the typical linguistic and logical ones predominantly used in classrooms. The choral rehearsal is, by nature, an experience that actively develops musical intelligence. However, each of the other intelligences can be activated, explored, and developed within the context of the general singing or choral rehearsal. The effective music educator is one who uses a variety of approaches to reach students. Each "way of knowing" is described, along with suggested activities for the choral director to use to reinforce specific intelligences. (Contains 14 references.) (ND)

Descriptors: Choral Music, Class Activities, Cognitive Style, Elementary Secondary Education, Intelligence Differences, Learning Processes, Multiple Intelligences, Music Activities, Music Education, Music Teachers, Personality Traits, Teaching Guides, Thinking Skills

Author: Mallonee, Richard L.


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