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The purpose of this study was to identify the factors which may influence the decision to seek employment after retirement from one's primary occupation, and to determine if these factors are similar for males and females. Data were collected from 540 western land grant university employees from ages 40-65 who were employed in positions ranging from ground maintenance workers to upper administration. Cases containing missing data were deleted from the analysis which resulted in a sample size of 331 respondents; 217 males and 114 females. Median income range of the respondents was $35,000-$40,000. Respondents were asked about their attitude toward retirement, current health status, health status of spouse, number of children they were supporting, and number and sources of retirement income they expected. Stepwise regression analysis was done to select the set of variables that best predicted post-retirement employment. For males, post-retirement employment income, attitude toward retirement, and financial drain yielded the best predictive equation. Interestingly however, financial drain was not a significant predictor of post-retirement employment among the female respondents, and only post-retirement employment income and attitude toward retirement were significant. Implications of these findings are discussed. (Author)

Descriptors: Females, Labor Force Nonparticipants, Older Adults, Reentry Workers, Retirement, Sex Differences

Autor: Iams, Donna R.; Gross, Patricia E.


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